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Severe drought conditions continue to ravage the South West region of Somalia and the threat of a possible famine persist. The northern and central regions of Somalia have experienced improved pasture and water resources following the rains, according to the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWSNET) Seasonal Monitor for Somalia for June.

 

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The drought situation continues to pause a threat to women during pregnancy or delivery. More than 130,000 of them may require critical and urgent assistance. Somalia already has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world; one out of every 22 women is likely to die due to pregnancy or childbirth- related causes during her life course.

 

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The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate, as an elevated risk of famine persists in some parts of the country and there is a rapid spread of infectious diseases.

 

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Different societies use different parameters for their definition of youth. Some societies use biological markers (the period between puberty and parenthood) while others use cultural markers to define youth as a distinct social status with accompanying roles, rituals and relationships. The proposed National Youth Policy by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) refers to persons aged 15 to 34 years.

WHO identifies adolescence as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. Biological processes drive many aspects of this growth and development, with the onset of puberty marking the passage from childhood to adolescence. Adolescents are usually categorized as early adolescents (10-14 years) and late adolescents (15-19 years).

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Rainfall intensified in many part of the country over the past week and flash floods were reported in Bari, Nugaal and Bay regions.  The rise in water levels is expected to continue in most parts of the country in the next seven days.

 

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Drought-related displacement continues across Somalia with most of the displaced people moving from rural to urban areas or other rural areas where they anticipate to receive aid. Up to 599,000 persons have been internally displaced due to drought as of 25th April this year, since November 2016.

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Gender-based violence (GBV) remains rampant in Somalia, mostly affecting women and girls and increasing their vulnerability.  In the past three months, reported cases have been on the rise particularly rape, sexual assault and physical violence mainly due to the high influx of displaced people.

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The drought situation continues to worsen and famine still remains a possibility. An estimated 6.2 million people, over half of the population, remain in need of food assistance, out of which 2.9 million are in need of urgent support (IPC Phase 3 ‘Crisis’ and 4, ‘Emergency’), while 5.5 million are in need of health services and 4.5 million people are lacking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services. The spread of measles continues to be of serious concern, with 4,499 suspected cases reported since the beginning of the year, out of which 52 percent were reported in children between 1 and 4 years of age.

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The devastating drought continues to threaten the lives of 607,000 pregnant women around the country. More than 130,000 of them may require critical and urgent assistance. Somalia already has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world; one out of every 22 women is likely to die due to pregnancy or childbirth-related causes during her life course.

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The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate rapidly and famine is very likely in 2017.  The number of people in need of assistance has increased from 5 million in September 2015 to 6.2 million in February 2017 and 444,000 people have been displaced since November 2016.

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