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Adolescence is the period between childhood and adulthood, marked by rapid physical growth. It is important for the adolescents to be equipped with the necessary life skills needed to navigate through life. Information on the adolescent population and where they reside is critical in social (e.g. education and health) and economic planning.

The findings of the 2014 Population Estimation Survey for Somalia (PESS) show that a majority of the population is below 35 years. The adolescent boy and girl have different roles in the community. These different roles promote or inhibit their access to social amenities such as education and health. In many instances the boy child enjoys more advantages over the girl child. Infrastructural development is not uniform in the entire country. In many developing countries, urban areas are more developed and have better access to social and economic facilities.