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UNFPA Integrated SRH and GBV services in Humanitarian Response

Integrated SRH and GBV Minimum Services Package: UNFPA-Humanitarian Response in Somalia

Publication

UNFPA is scaling up support to ensure that minimum services for SRH and GBV are fully available to Somali women and girls displaced and affected by the drought. An integrated SRH and GBV minimum response package is adopted to ensure a comprehensive initial response package to address the exacerbated needs of women and girls during a crisis. The response is focused on existing Emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) facilities, One stop centres, GBV shelters and Women and Girls Safe Spaces; and identification of sites for additional facilities to improve the displaced population’s access to care.
UNFPA will continue to deliver SRH and GBV development support in all other parts of the country.

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Aayatiin

Aayatiin Newsletter

Newsletter

Aayatiin Newsletter is a quarterly magazine to share information, highlight achievements, best practices, and lessons learned for various youth issues in Puntland. The input and contributions made by the different agencies who are working youth sector in Puntland including UN agencies, International Organizations, Government, and Civil Society organizations.

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GBViE Brief_April - June 2022

Publication

Sexual abuse and exploitation, rape and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) are continuously increasing amidst the prevailing drought, especially in Bakool, Bay, Banadir, Galgaduud, Gedo, Hiraan, Lower Juba, Middle Juba, Mudug, Nugaal, Sool and Togdheer regions of Somalia and Somaliland.

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C4 Study Report

Exploratory study on the enablers and barriers of girls’ transition to secondary and higher education in Puntland

Publication

It is widely accepted that education greatly benefits individuals and countries and is one of the most effective development investments nations and their partners can make (USAID, 2018). Education helps catalyze economic growth of a country by building human capital (Abuya et al., 2014). Countries with a higher number of educated individuals are more likely to be politically stable, have better life expectancy rates and significant improvements in health (USAID, 2018). Educating girls and boys produces similar outputs in terms of their subsequent earnings and future opportunities, however educating girls results in greater socioeconomic gains, which benefit entire communities (Fancy, 2012).

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CRVS Report

Civil Registration and Vital Statistics - Somalia Country Profile

Publication

Civil registration of vital events during the life course of individuals (births, marriages, deaths) is a major function of government that establishes the identity and civil status for ensuring human rights and access to services. Vital statistics from registration records are also useful for government policy and planning purposes, and such data are directly related to achievement of several United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

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UNFPA Somalia June 22 Sitrep

UNFPA Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report - June 2022

Situation Report

Some 7.1 million people - 45 per cent of the population - are acutely food insecure. For the first time since 2017, the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification has confirmed pockets of catastrophic food insecurity (Phase 5) affecting more than 213,000 people. In the worst-affected areas, a third of all the livestock have perished, decimating livelihoods. If crop and livestock production fails extensively, commodity prices continue to rise, and humanitarian assistance is not sufficiently scaled up, there is a realistic risk that Somalis in eight areas across the country will face famine by September 2022. An estimated 1.5 million children under age five face acute malnutrition, including 386,400 children who are likely to be severely malnourished. Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is on the rise: 50 per cent of women were reportedly subjected to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the first quarter of 2022, compared with 43 per cent in the same period in 2021.

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UNFPA Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report - May 2022

Situation Report

UNFPA Somalia prioritizes the continuity of essential and life-saving SRH and GBV services during humanitarian crises, targeting vulnerable women and girls, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and persons with disabilities. During the month of May 2022, UNFPA and its partners reached 46,671 persons, including internally displaced persons (IDPs), with SRH services and 22,164 persons with prevention and response to GBV, including Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) for women and girls. In addition, UNFPA reached 1,900 young people through youth-related activities.

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UNFPA Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report - April 2022

Situation Report

Six areas across Somalia are facing the risk of localized famine if the April to June gu’ rains fail as projected. This is according to the latest Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) and Famine Risk analyses by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit and partners (FSNAU).  Simultaneously, food prices continue to sharply increase, while humanitarian assistance inadequately scaled up to meet the increasing needs of the most vulnerable populations. According to FAO-SWALIM, scattered and light gu’ rains were reported in the southern parts of Somalia; however, the northern parts remain dry. Health partners are reporting a spike in suspected AWD/cholera and measles cases, due to contaminated water consumption, poor access to food, health facilities, and hygiene and sanitation services, specifically in Baidoa, Marka, and Afgooye districts.

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Overview of Gender-Based Violence Situation in Somalia - Advocacy Brief, 2022

Publication

The already large number of recorded incidences of Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in 2021 continued to increase in 2022, especially for sexual violence and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), due to multiple displacements, flooding, droughts and armed conflicts. An estimated 4.3 million people have been affected by natural disasters and armed conflict, while some 554,000 have abandoned their homes in search of water, food, and pasture in December 2021. The number of people requiring humanitarian assistance in 2022 has been estimated to 7.7million . The delayed electoral process and tensions related to power struggles among political actors reinforced insecurity and limited mobility for people to seek livelihoods. As the drought and food insecurity persist in Somalia, women, and girls experience alarming levels of poverty and economic depravity: a precursor for increased vulnerability to GBV.

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Community Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on FGM_Puntland

Publication

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a procedure in which the external genitalia of girls and women are partially or completely removed and/or infibulated without medical reasons. The procedure causes lifelong physical, psychological, and reproductive health problems for the woman. Heavy bleeding and problems with urination and menstruation, as well as infections, fistulas, and complications of labor and delivery are possible risks. In spite of the health complications, practicing communities and especially women perpetuate the practice as a social norm and religious duty.  The circumcised girl, her mother, and the family benefit socially since an underlying belief exists that FGM ensures premarital virginity, increases the girl's chances of marriage, and provides ritual cleanliness.  Globally, FGM practice is concentrated in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, where more than 200 million women and girls are circumcised.  Somalia, including Puntland, features one of the highest prevalence rates of FGM in the world as nearly 98% of girls and women are affected.  Shifts in practice toward a milder form and medicalization of the practice are occurring, while high prevalence rates remain steady. Medicalization of the practice assumes that girls are cut in hospitals, supposedly under improved hygienic conditions to reduce harm, rather than by traditional female circumcisers with knives and scissors in their homes.  Anti-FGM campaigns and health practitioners recognize that it is a deceptive step toward total elimination of FGM. 

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